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Phrenology in Bristol

Phrenology by Professor G Rudd in 1928 at 31 Lower Arcade, Bristol, England

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Self-esteem. Moral and Religious Sentiments. Firmness.
Physiology reading of Mr E.W.B. Baglin:- Self-esteem = Average and Cultivate; and Firmness = Full and Average, and Cultivate.

Moral and Religious Sentiments. Firmness.


Self-Love; Self-Appreciation; Self-Respect; Manliness; Desire to Command, to take Responsibilities; Dignity; Independence; Love of Liberty.

Excess – Arrogance; Egotism; Presumption; and Imperiousness.
Deficiency – Lack of Self-Respect; Servility and Meanness.

Location – In the crown of the head, back of Firmness.  It has three divisions:-

1.  The lower portion give a love of liberty and personal rights; self-reliance.
2.  The central portion gives self-valuation, self-appreciation, and values one’s own thoughts and work.
3.  The upper portion gives pride, manliness, nobleness, and lofty mindedness; desire to lead and command, and take responsibilities.

VERY LARGE: 7 – Are very dignified, manly, independent, self-confident, imperious, and haughty.  You endure no restraint and take no advice; are ambitious and aspiring in the highest degree.  Unless restrained by other faculties are likely to be conceited.

LARGE: 6 – Are self-reliant and like to assume responsibilities; are proud and dignified; aspire to be and do something worthy of your self; desire to surpass others; are independent; seldom ask advice.

FULL: 5 – Have a good degree of independence, pride and self respect; are dignified, but not proud nor over-bearing; prefer to lead rather than follow.

AVERAGE: 4 – Have manliness and self-respect, but are not haughty; you are inclined to act with a fair degree of ambition, dignity, and self-reliance.

MODERATE: 3 – Rather underrate personal abilities and worth; lack dignity and manliness, and are liable to take an inferior place.

SMALL: 2 – Lack self-appreciation, dignity and independence; are inclined to associate with inferiors.

VERY SMALL: 1 – Entirely wanting in dignity and independence.

TO CULTIVATE – Place a due estimate on yourself, morally, physically, and intellectually.

TO RESTRAIN – Be less dictatorial and self-confident; avoid being arbitrary and domineering.




Power of will; Decision; Perseverance; Fixedness of Purpose; Positiveness; tenacity of Mind; Stability.

Excess – Obstinacy.
Deficiency – Fickleness; Indecision.

Location – In front of Self-Esteem, and behind Veneration.  It has three divisions:-

1.  The lower or back part gives ability to decide quickly and a desire to have one’s own way; positiveness.
2.  The central portion gives fixedness of purpose, and settledness of opinion.
3.  The front part gives tenacity of mind and the desire to finish the plan of purpose.

VERY LARGE: 7 – Have excessive will power and perseverance; are disposed to be obstinate and stubborn; are not easily persuaded, and can never be driven; are too tenacious and unyielding, and should be more pliant.

LARGE: 6 – Have great will power and decision; are stable on unyielding; are hard to convinced; determined and positive; may be fully relied upon; carry your point by persistent effort.

FULL: 5 – Have a good degree of stability, determination and perseverance, but are not stubborn, and will yield to persuasion.  Can change your opinions when they are shown to be erroneous.

AVERAGE: 4 – Have some decision when circumstances demand it, but are generally pliable, easy, and conform to circumstances.

MODERATE: 3 – Have not a strong will, are too fickle and changeable; too easily persuaded and inclined to go with the current.

SMALL: 2 – Have no perseverance, are vary fickle and vacillating.

VERY SMALL: 1 – Have no power to decide, are subject to the will of others.

TO CULTIVATE – Be more determined, decided and persevering; never allow yourself to be governed by circumstances.

TO RESTRAIN – Avoid stubbornness; be more yielding and willing to take advice.